territoriality, and sovereignty in Africa’, CODESRIA Bulletin (): Mbome, F.X. () ‘Les relations entre le Cameroun et le Nigeria: L’affaire Bakassi’. Affaire Bakassi: genèse, évolution et dénouement de l’affaire de la frontière terrestre et maritime Cameroun-Nigeria (). Responsibility: Guy Roger . “Les Relations entre le Cameroon et le Nigeria: 1’affaire Bakassi,” Afrique , no. 25 () The author reviews the long-standing territorial dispute.
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Bakassian leaders threatened to seek independence if Nigeria renounced sovereignty. The decision was reportedly made at a meeting on 2 July and The Vanguard newspaper of Nigeria reported the decision to secede.
Secretary-General Kofi Annan stepped in as a mediator and chaired a tripartite summit with the two countries’ presidents on 15 Novemberwhich established a commission to facilitate the peaceful implementation of the ICJ’s judgement.
Cameroon pointed to the Anglo-German treaty ofwhich defined sphere of control in the region, as well as two agreements signed in the s between Cameroon and Nigeria. Nigeria relied largely on Anglo-German correspondence dating from as well as treaties between the colonial powers and the indigenous rulers in the area, particularly the Treaty of Protection.
Cameroon was thus given a substantial Nigerian population and was required to protect their rights, infrastructure and welfare. At least eight multinational oil companies have participated in the exploration of the peninsula and its offshore waters.
The population of Bakassi is the subject of some dispute, but is generally put at betweenandpeople. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
The Nigerian newspaper The Guardian went further, declaring that the judgment was “a rape and unforeseen potential international conspiracy against Nigerian territorial bamassi and sovereignty” and “part of a Western ploy to foment and perpetuate trouble in Africa”.
The peninsula is commonly described as “oil-rich”, though in fact no commercially viable deposits of oil have been discovered. Retrieved 5 November In the two countries went to the brink of war over Bakassi and another area around Lake Chadat the other end of the two countries’ common border. Retrieved 5 November — via news. Views Read Edit View history.
Most of the population make their living through fishing. The remainder stayed under Nigerian civil authority for two more years. However, Nigeria never ratified the agreement, while Cameroon regarded it as being in force. The momentum achieved must be sustained. However, documents released by the Cameroonians, in parity with that of the British and Germans, clearly places Affqire under Cameroonian Territory as a consequence of colonial era Anglo-German agreements.
Fishermen displaced from Bakassi were first settled in a landlocked area called New Bakassi, which they claimed was already inhabited and not suitable for fishermen like them but only for farmers. What it is and how it Works. These two ocean currents interact, creating huge foamy breakers which constantly advance towards the shore, and building submarine shoals afvaire in fish, shrimps, and a wide variety of other marine life forms.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Bakassi nakassi a peninsula on the Gulf of Guinea. The government took no action, and handed the final parts of Bakassi over to Cameroon on 14 August as planned, but a Federal High Court had stated this should be delayed until all accommodations for resettled Bakassians had been settled; the government did not seem to plan to heed this court order,  and set the necessary mechanisms into motion to override it.
The Nigerian government did not, however, openly reject the judgment but instead called for an agreement that would provide “peace with honour, vakassi the interest and welfare of our people.
This secession was announced on 9 Julyas the “Democratic Baassi of Bakassi”. Matters arisingNigeriaworld.
This makes affairee Bakassi area a very fertile fishing ground, comparable only to Newfoundland in North America and Scandinavia in Western Europe. More armed clashes broke out in the early s.
Bakassi – Wikipedia
A further summit was held on 31 January It instructed Nigeria to transfer possession of the peninsula, but did not require the inhabitants to move or to change their nationality. It lies between the Cross River estuary, near the city of Calabar in the west of the Bight of Biafra, and the Rio del Ray estuary on the east. The territory subsequently became de facto part of Nigeriaalthough the border was never permanently delineated. Retrieved 18 January This has made significant progress, but the process has been complicated by the opposition of Bakassi’s inhabitants to being transferred to Cameroon.
However, the area has aroused considerable interest from oil companies in the light of the discovery of rich reserves of high grade crude oil in Nigeria. The ICJ judgment was backed up by the United Nationswhose charter potentially allowed sanctions or even the use of force to enforce the court’s ruling.
Retrieved 31 March The outcome of the controversy was a de facto Nigerian refusal to withdraw its troops from Bakassi and transfer sovereignty. Archived from the original on 13 August The ICJ delivered its judgment on 10 Octoberfinding based principally on the Anglo-German agreements that sovereignty over Bakassi did indeed rest with Cameroon.
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